Fire & Safety Engineering: A Challenging Profession
Fire Engineering can be defined as, "The application of scientific and engineering principles, rules and expert judgments, based on understanding of the phenomenon and effects of fire, its reactions and behaviour of people, property and the environment from the destructive effects of fire".
This nature and characteristics of fire and the mechanics about how fire spreads is most understood by fire engineers. They are the experts with varieties who can tackle fire and reduce the losses due to it.
By virtue of its growing role in saving life and property on a large scale, Fire Engineering is fast becoming one of the world's noblest professions. Industrial statistics has put the upcoming Indian requirements of over one lakh personnel of Fire and Safety per year. Moreover, unlimited opportunities come from abroad, especially from the Gulf countries. Students investing their time in this sunrise industry are creating a great career opportunity for themselves, in addition to getting a head start over job seekers in other fields.
Fire engineers find job openings in the Government Fire Services, Architectural and Building Design, Insurance Assessment, Project Management, Aircraft Industry, Refineries, Industrial Processing and in any area where the possibility of fire or combustion represents a hazard with increasing urbanisation, the use of electrical appliances, office automation, etc.
The increasing number of fire disasters in Refineries, Petrochemical Plants, Industries and other strategic places is causing tragic loss of precious lives and large scale destruction of property. This confirms the necessity for Fire Fighting Engineers.
Fire is one of the simplest forms of energy known to man, Ever since man learnt to use it; it has been used for a variety of purpose. In the early days it was used to safeguard one from cold, as a source of light and as a medium of cooking food. Today, we see fire being used for a number of purposes. However, fire, like many other boons, is hazardous. This necessitates due care in its use. Invaluable lives are lost every year due to inadvertent fires. Similarly, property worth crores of rupees is destroyed by uncontrolled fire incidents. A number of industrial units suffer huge losses due to fire. Hence, it is necessary to understand the mechanism of fire and methods of prevention of losses from it, for the safe working of any industry.
The analysis of major fires, which break out in office type buildings, the main causes finally identified, were due to electrical short circuit / overheating of electrical equipment and open flame / unextinguished smoking materials. In industrial buildings, in addition to these sparks due to electricity / impact / friction and poor housekeeping are also identified as causes of major fire hazards. So while planning the fire prevention measures for any occupancy it is necessary to study in details the possibilities of fire due to all these sources and the preventive measures required. At last we know the fact that many valuable lives and crores of rupees of material are lost in fire accidents in all over the world.
This has created demand of trained fire safety engineering and fighters. This has also created wide business potential as well as growth in overall fire protection industry as a whole. Overall, the demand for highly trained Fire Protecting Engineers CFESM presenting fire and safety engineering courses to train students and promote knowledge of fire and safety engineering to join the new profession.
The systematic growth of fire industry mainly was in large sectors as well as Government sectors, but in recent times, the private sector has also shown tremendous growth due to accurate Fire law provisions and their implementations by authorities in each city, town etc. In future, the Government will enforce strict implementation of Fire codes in commercial industrial and other institutional sectors.